Surrogate motherhood is an issue and topic that remains highly controversial among many. The scientific developments have however been appreciated the same as they find it helpful to them. Surrogate mothers are those that allow physicians to conduct artificial insemination for them to give birth. They may be the choice of the sperm donor, or the couples who wants her to carry the baby for them. After artificial insemination is done on the surrogate mother, she has to carry the fetus and at birth, she should give the baby to the parents. Those who choose surrogate mothers to deliver babies may have medical problems or issues that make them unable to deliver for themselves. There are those who choose surrogate mothers after they attempt severally and fail. Some people do not thus have a choice. The age of the parents also determines whether or not they chose a surrogate mother to deliver for them. The marital status is also an issue. Sexual orientation also matters. The gay couples, for example, may choose a surrogate mother and then have one of the partners donating the sperm.
Traditional Surrogacy and Gestational Surrogacy
In traditional surrogacy motherhood, the surrogate’s mother is usually comfortable with her egg being used. The fact that it is her egg that is fertilized makes her the mother biologically. This will depend on the parents of the child. This type of arrangement is common for gay couples or couples where the woman is too old to give birth. For gestational surrogates, the scientific developments allow for fertilizing an egg with a sperm. This is followed by placement of the embryo in the uterus of the surrogate mother to grow and develop. The surrogate mother, in this case, is not biologically the mother. She only plays the role of carrying the baby for the parents. There have to be arrangements that are clear between the mother and the parents who will raise the baby. The surrogate mother is paid or compensated for the service of carrying the baby depending on prior arrangements with the couple or parent.
Surrogacy Motherhood: Ethical Issues
Some members of different societies are against the idea of surrogate motherhood as they view it as unethical. The use of the body to reproduce for other people is a major controversy. The meaning of motherhood is almost lost in the idea. This is because the mother that carries the baby in the uterus does not have the chance to bring up. Some think it is wrong for any woman to receive payment to deliver children.